The Observer Effect In Quantum Physics

The “Observer Effect” (sometimes called The Measurement Problem) suggests that the very act of you observing (or measuring) something requires a change in the behaviour or properties in what you are observing, which doesn’t tend to be what you observe based on your everyday ordinary experiences. A red traffic light won’t immediately change to green just because you stare at it and wish it so. Measuring out how much sugar you have in your sugar-jar doesn’t change the amount of sugar present.

Of course you yourself have proprieties which in theory could have an effect on what you are observing. You have mass and thus gravity; you’re slightly radioactive; lots of other things, mainly photons, are emanating from you (i.e. – infra-red or heat photons) or bouncing off of you (i.e. – visible light photons, etc.). But the net effect on what you are observing is so minimal as to be nearly non-existent. And in any event, it’s pretty much non-calculable since everything else in that object’s environment, and that pretty much means the entire visible Universe, also has mass, is slightly radioactive and emits and/or gives off photons. Both electromagnetic radiation and gravity have potentially infinite range and no object can escape their influence. Your influence is tiny compared to that of the rest of the visible Universe!

The question really boils down to, what’s different about you when you are observing something (eyes open) versus when you are not observing that something (your eyes are shut or your back is turned)? The same applies to a detector like a camera, which for our purposes is considered an ‘observer’ too. Should a camera with an open shutter have any different an effect on what’s being photographed relative to when the shutter is closed? No, shutter / eyes open versus shutter / eyes closed should have no difference in having an effect on what is or is not under observation. You or the camera have the exact same mass (gravity), radioactivity or photon emission / reflection regardless of eyes / shutter open versus eyes / shutter closed.

Alas for this exquisite line of reasoning, there is one scenario where it has been proven that the very act of observation does change the behaviour of what’s under observation. That’s the famous, or infamous Double-Slit Experiment. To make a long story very short, particles fired at two slits exhibit wave behaviour (known in the trade as “wave-particle duality”) when they pass through both slits if unobserved. The nanosecond that an observer makes like a Peeping-Tom the wave behaviour morphs into discrete particle (i.e. – bullet) behaviour. No peeping – waves; peeping – particles.

Apart from that Double-Slit Experiment, there is NO observer (or detector) effect! Exceptions to the rule require explanations which I’ll get to shortly. Meantime…

1) If there were such a thing as an “Observer Effect”, that alone would imply the reality of telekinesis. Telekinesis has never been demonstrated to the satisfaction of the overall scientific community.

2) If there were such a thing as an “Observer Effect” then no scientist could take any experimental result at face value on the grounds that that the scientist himself affected the outcome of the experiment just by being in the vicinity.

3) The entirety of the scientific method and all scientific results would be called into question if there were really an “Observer Effect”. All scientific texts would have to start with the disclaimer that “what you are about to read may have no correspondence to actual reality”.

4) Schrodinger’s Cat IS NOT alive AND dead; Schrodinger’s Cat IS alive OR dead and that is true independent of any observer. By implication, there is no such thing as an actual superposition-of-state and no such thing as an observer collapsing the alleged wave-function. Which brings up an obvious question. In the absence of observers / detectors, what is collapsing all those wave-functions arising from those billions upon billions of superposition-of-states that arises daily in the Universe?

5) There’s no “Observer Effect” with respect to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle since what transpires is independent of any observer. The observer may not know, cannot know in fact, with precision both the position and momentum of a particle, but that doesn’t mean that the particle doesn’t have a precise position and a precise momentum at any given instant in time. This also implies that I don’t accept the idea that the object in question in the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle is both a wave and a particle at the same time.

6) No other quantum mechanical or classical physics process seems to be affected by the presence or absence of any observer. That applies to quantum tunnelling; radioactive or neutron decay; the creation and annihilation of ‘virtual particles’; conservation of mass / energy, momentum, electric charge, etc.; chemical reactions; the speed of light and other physical constants.

My basic premise here is that we ‘exist’ as virtual reality beings in a simulated landscape. Our Universe is a computer / software-generated Universe by an agent or agencies unknown. However, this agent, The Simulators, have programmed in sufficient clues to enable us to figure it all out. That’s assuming we are intelligent enough to note when things fall into the category of “that’s really strange” then figure out an explanation(s). I suggest that one major set of clues are what we would call “exceptions to the rule”.

The “Observer Effect” in the Double-Slit Experiment is one such exception to the rule. Another is that the speed of light is the exception to the rule that you can otherwise add and subtract velocities. Dark Energy is the exception to the conservation of energy law.

Then there is the weak nuclear force and parity. In the standard model of particle physics, with respect to the four forces – electromagnetism, gravity, the strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force – if you reverse the three parameters of time, charge and parity (left-right) all of the various laws, principles and relationships should still strut their stuff unaltered. And in 11 out of 12 cases, that’s what experiments and the equations show. But, in that 12th case, experimental evidence suggests that parity is not equal in the weak nuclear force. I forget now which it is, but either there is a left bias or a bias towards the right (I seem to recall it was a left-hand bias) – but in theory there shouldn’t be any bias at all.

There are another whole set of clues called “anomalies”. These often centre around the “I know what I saw” position of the believer versus the “It can’t be therefore it isn’t” position of the sceptic. However, some anomalies are so in-your-face that something other than “It can’t be therefore it isn’t” is required to explain things. One such anomaly has to be the Crop ‘Circle’ enigma. Another has to be the missing ‘natural’ satellite of Venus, Neith. A third has to be the extraordinary number of rocks on Mars photographed by the various Martian rovers that have a rather uncanny resemblance to actual living or intelligently designed objects here on Earth. One or two or even three might be expected, but when it hits way more than a dozen, well something is screwy somewhere.

There are another whole set of clues called “paradoxes”:
1) Quantum entanglement is a paradox in that it seemingly violates cosmic speed limit; the speed of light.
2) Mind/body dualism is paradoxical;
3) The Universe must be as one with itself, yet it is two parts – one part quantum and one part gravity. The two parts cannot be unified which is paradoxical.

In conclusion, any demonstration of “The Observer Effect” or “The Measurement Problem” is readily explainable by what Hollywood would term “special effects”, which is something that computer software programming excels at.

Sage MAS 90 VS Peachtree – An Accounting Software Comparison

Both Sage MAS 90 and Peachtree are two popular accounting software developed by Sage (formerly Best Software) which have already captured a large portion of market share. These two have served their customers well and performed exceptionally to their maximum extent otherwise they won’t be able to create a reputation for their name or brand. Although both of them have great capabilities to cater the needs and meet the standards of accounting, there are also many factors that differentiate these two.

A quick overview of Peachtree and Sage MAS 90 accounting software:

Peachtree is a great entry-level for micro and small business establishments. Peachtree is available with Pro, Complete, Premium and Quantum Edition. The prices, features and comprehensiveness increases respectively. The price starts off from a hundred dollars to a thousand dollars depending on the number of user licenses and the edition of the software. It offers the basic standard accounting capabilities, limited feature set and database functionality. Because of its design limitations, it may need require upgrading to a more powerful accounting software as the business grows.

Sage MAS 90 ERP is a small-midmarket level business management and accounting software. It was originally an accounting software when it was first released but today, after 25 years of innovation, it has become a modular ERP software and its accounting functionality is available in the Core Accounting module. Sage MAS 90 can handle up to 10 concurrent users, runs on a LAN under Windows Servers. It is best suitable for businesses with an annual revenue between $1 million to $50 million. It has more than 25 modules which can easily integrate including distribution, manufacturing, CRM, time and project management, HR and payroll, e-Commerce and over a thousand out-of-the-box industry-specific modules to cater special needs of each industry. Price starts off between $10,000 to $15,000 depending on the number of users and modules included.

A brief comparison on Sage MAS 90 and Peachtree along with its functionality and limitations:

As soon as your company grows, you need more users to access the accounting software. Peachtree is limited up to 5 users only unless you upgrade it to Quantum Edition which can cater up to 40 users. When the amount of transactions increases, the system can no longer handle all processes which causes it to strain the database and other performance drags follows. As you experience growth, your operations increases and becomes more complicated which demands a more robust accounting software because Peachtree does not offer advance functionality. It also does not provide industry-specific accounting solutions.

Sage MAS 90, on the other hand, can handle up to 10 concurrent users. It is very flexible and scalable enough to handle the growing needs of your business. It is able to carry out more comprehensive transactions and offer more advance functionality especially in manufacturing and distribution. It can integrate industry-specific modules to tailor the special needs of your business. It can also integrate with CRM and other business applications for better enterprise collaboration. It provides a smooth workflow for your entire company, increased in efficiency and productivity.

After knowing the capabilities of both accounting software, we can conclude that Sage MAS 90 is better and has more powerful capabilities compared to Peachtree. As soon as your business outgrows the functionality of Peachtree, you can choose to have a straight upgrade to Sage MAS 90 and the good thing is, for those who really accustomed to using Peachtree, a Sage MAS 90 – Peachtree Special Edition is also available.

Use of Inventory Software Can Improve Your Business

Days of convoluted inventory management is now over with the introduction of a set of highly flexible inventory software that can considerably improve any business. Thus entrepreneurs running single enterprise or multiple institutions can all have the inventory management system in place using the software and the best part of it is that the effort, money, and time are all minimal in quantum.

Customized Inventory Software

In addition the software so used these days can be customized catering to the specific requirements of the entrepreneur concerned. It seems that the customized software such as the point of sale software has arrived to stay for long and could well be the future generation technology for inventory management in any enterprise.

Benefits of Inventory Software

Why is the POS software or point of sale software useful for promoting business? In fact the bottom line is becoming quite clear with the passage of time. Such software can cater to all the requirements of the entrepreneur increasing their productivity as well as accuracy. At the same time it can effectively support any critical as well as efficient operation for the enterprise concerned. Another major benefit of having the new customized software is that it is quite affordable and can help the entrepreneur save money from the moment it is used by him or her.

Understanding POS Software

But what is the point of sale software so much in use these days? Commonly used by millions of small and large retail enterprises all over the world they can help run the business pretty efficiently. With the passage of time its features are increasing substantially as well. One can find thousands of different POS programs to choose from befitting his or her requirements and budget.

Simple Vs complex

POS software can either be simple or complex. They can even be highly advanced as well as customized programs. However the end objectives of each of these programs remain the same that is increasing efficiency. Over thirty types of customized software are available for the end user and it depends largely on his or her budget, requirement, and choice as to which one fits into the slot the best. Also the software handles much more than what it says. It handles many more than the point of sale tasks alone. A better nomenclature for this type of software would be retail management software.

Sources of Inventory Software

Main sources for finding out the suitable of inventory software or point of sale software is the Internet where one can find a host of quality providers that can offer the software at reasonable prices. It will also offer a vast scope for the end user to compare and find out the best one suitable for his purpose and befitting his budget.

User should remember that every such software is not identical in nature. They vary vastly from each other and that is why the user should be careful to find out whether the software suits the purpose for which it is procured perfectly.